Differences between Bilinguals and Monolinguals in False Memory Production? A Look into the DRM Paradigm Using Contextual Details

Paul Riesthuis, Henry Otgaar, Jianqin Wang

Abstract


This study compared false memory production in Spanish monolinguals and Spanish-Catalan bilinguals. We used an adjusted Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory paradigm and presented the participants with eight Spanish DRM lists containing 12 words each, along with figures and colors to manipulate contextual details. Free recall results showed higher true recall levels in bilinguals than in monolinguals. However, we did not find notable false memory differences between the monolinguals and bilinguals. We found no differences in the amount of contextual details added in the true and false recall, indicating that levels of confidence in memories are similar in the two groups. Implications of the findings are discussed.


Keywords


Bilingualism, Contextual details, DRM paradigm, and False memory

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/proust.v2i2.50

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Paul Riesthuis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

PRoUSt secretariat:

Building B 1st Floor, Faculty of Psycology, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, 16424, Indonesia.

Copyright © 2019 Psychological Research on Urban Society (PRoUSt).

2615-8582 (online), 2620-3960 (print).