Support for Palestinian among Indonesian Muslim: Religious identity and solidarity as reasons for e-petition signing

Muhammad Abdan Shadiqi, Hamdi Muluk, Mirra Noor Milla


A petition is a form of collective action urging the government or a public entity to resolve a specific situation. There is inconsistency between previous research on whether religious or political identity is more likely to lead to radical or peaceful actions, especially in terms of how feelings of solidarity relate to religious-political issues. This study examines the reasons Indonesians signed e-petitions supporting Palestine. Data were collected from the comment sections of e-petitions supporting Palestine on In total, we analyzed 380 comments from 25 e-petitions using a qualitative approach. Using NVivo for thematic analysis, we found that the most recurring themes were moral violation, followed by independence for Palestine, solidarity, hatred as a negative emotion, and religious identity. Additionally, matrix nodes analysis showed identification with Islam was related to solidarity. These findings suggest that the similarity of religious identity in the two nations can be associated with solidarity as a reason for signing the e-petitions. We also discussed the association between moral violation and independence for Palestine as reasons for signing the e-petitions.


Collective action; E-petition; Indonesian-Palestinian; Identity; Solidarity

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Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Abdan Shadiqi, Hamdi Muluk, Mirra Noor Milla

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